If you suffer from adult acne, or hormonal acne, chances are that you have tried many home remedies for acne, but you did not get the results you expected. This is probably because this type of acne can be complicated to treat, since it occurs for reasons other than clogged pores, which is often the case with other forms of acne.
How to stop adult acne?
One of the first steps is to balance your hormones, for example by adopting a diet nurturing, managing stress and getting enough sleep. The next step in your treatment plan is to use the right kinds of cleansers and topical products. These are products that cleanse and soothe your irritated skin without making the symptoms worse. The good news ? You are not alone if you developed acne as an adult, as it affects most people at some point in their lives, depending on a variety of factors.
What is hormonal acne?
A definition of hormonal acne (sometimes called adult acne) is: “acne caused by genetic and hormonal factors that cause breakouts well into puberty and adolescence,” that is, essentially into your early twenties. The specific hormones that contribute to this type of acne are the reproductive hormones like estrogen, progesterone and testosterone. Although adult acne can affect both women and men, it is more common in women, in part because it is commonly linked to changes in the menstrual cycle, menopause and pregnancy.
Symptoms of adult acne
How do I know if my acne is hormonal? Here are some telltale signs:
– Development of painful cysts that look like bumps deep below the surface of the skin that cannot be easily “popped” or extracted.
– Painful pimples and sometimes cysts that develop around the lower face, especially the chin and jawline, and sometimes the neck, shoulders and back.
– Oilier and shinier skin.
– Pimples that tend to appear at the same period each month, often coinciding with a woman’s menstrual cycle.
– Pimples that always develop in the same places because certain pores enlarge and are prone to infection and inflammation.
How do these symptoms differ from those of cystic acne or other types of acne? acne?
Cystic acne and hormonal/adult acne have many things in common, including the fact that they cause Both are painful, sensitive pimples under the skin.
These rashes are different from blackheads and small whiteheads on the surface of the skin, which are mainly caused by bacteria stuck in your pores. The main difference is that cystic acne and hormonal acne cause painful cysts that are due to an inflammatory reaction, rather than poor hygiene.
Causes of adult acne
As its name suggests, hormonal acne is caused by an imbalance of hormones, including estrogen, progesterone, testosterone and “hormones”. stress,” such as cortisol.
Women are more likely to develop this type of acne than men, especially in their 20s and 30s, when are in their “reproductive peak” and produce the most hormones.
What triggers hormonal acne?
The most common causes are:
– Changes in hormones due to a woman’s menstrual cycle. Breakouts are more likely to occur before a woman has her period or sometimes during ovulation, both of which are when hormone levels rise.
– Hormonal fluctuations that lead to increased production of sebum in the pores, which can “clog” the pores and cause pimples. Excess hormones can stimulate the sebaceous glands, resulting in generally oilier skin.
– The effects on hormone levels due to pregnancy, childbirth and lactation (breastfeeding).
– Menopause, which reduces the production of estrogen and progesterone.
– Genetics, as most types of acne tend to run in families.
– The stress, which can have an impact on the production of hormones.
– Hormonal contraceptive treatments, especially at the beginning of their use.
– Rapid weight changes or a significant change in exercise routine, as both of these affect hormone production.
– Taking certain medications that can alter the level of cortisol or other hormones.
Treatment and prevention
Since you are here reading about acne treatments hormonal acne, you’re probably wondering: How to get rid of hormonal acne fast?
According to experts, here’s how to get rid of hormonal acne:
1. Cleanse your skin regularly but gently
Even though adult acne tends to be due to hormonal factors and stress rather than unclean skin , it is always important to cleanse your face twice a day and remove your makeup at night. Many dermatologists recommend trying cleansers containing salicylic or glycolic acids, which help exfoliate the skin’s surface, remove bacteria and dead cells (like the P. acnes bacteria that often causes breakouts), and to prevent pores from becoming clogged.
Another recommended option is to use a cleanser containing probiotics, which can help remove harmful bacteria from the skin and promote a “ healthy » skin microbiome. Probiotic cleansers are also helpful in normalizing skin pH and reducing inflammation.
As adult acne-prone skin tends to be sensitive overall, avoid products that contain perfumes, dyes, refined oils and lots of synthetic chemicals, which can make irritation and dryness worse. Resist the temptation to over-wash or exfoliate your face and moisturize regularly to keep your skin’s oil level in balance. It’s also a good idea to wear sunscreen when out in the sun for long periods of time, as overly dry skin can produce more oil, which can trigger breakouts. (However, a little sun exposure can be helpful as it normalizes your vitamin D levels, which support immune function and healthy skin).
2. Try retinoids
There are many different topical retinoid products available over the counter or by prescription. Retinoids tend to be helpful with mild to moderate acne as they help slough off dead cells and unclog pores, while improving skin texture and tone. They can also help fade dark spots and acne scars. Since retinoids can sometimes irritate sensitive skin, especially if you apply a lot of them or use these products too often, start slowly by applying a small amount every other night. Then switch to daily application if your skin seems to be responding well.
You can also use other soothing ingredients on your face during the day or with retinoid products, such as aloe or calendula . Tea tree and lavender essential oils are also safe for direct application to your skin in small amounts, and they can be paired with a carrier oil, such as jojoba or coconut oil if you have sensitive or dry skin.
3. Adopt an anti-inflammatory diet
Your diet can have a significant impact on the overall hormonal balance of your body, for example by influencing the microbial balance of your intestine. To beat acne, the goal should be to eat plenty of antioxidants and anti-inflammatory foods that help support hormonal balance, immune function, and overall skin health, such as:
1 Probiotic foods: The healthier your gut, the better your balance between good and bad bacteria. When you eat probiotic-rich foods like yogurt, kefir, and cultured vegetables, the probiotics line your gut and create a healthy, airtight barrier that prevents inflammation that can trigger acne.
2 Zinc-rich foods: Zinc promotes wound healing and enzymatic reactions that play a role in immune function. Acne sufferers tend to be low in zinc, but you can increase your intake by consuming foods like grass-fed beef, chickpeas, pumpkin seeds, and cashews.
3 Foods rich in vitamins A and C: Foods rich in vitamin A and C such as berries, green vegetables such as kale and spinach, sweet potatoes, carrots, peppers and citrus fruits – fight infections, defend against oxidative stress and accelerate healing.
4 Foods rich in fiber: The consumption of foods rich in fiber such as vegetables, fruits, nuts, seeds, legumes and cereals 100 % complete promotes colon cleansing as well as the growth of good bacteria in the intestine.
5 High-Quality Protein Foods: Grass-fed beef, organic chicken, wild-caught fish, and free-range eggs are t high in protein and nutrients and help balance blood sugar levels, a key element in combating hormonal fluctuations.
6 Foods that support liver function: Since hormones are processed in the liver, eating foods that support the liver can help clear up acne. Eat more cruciferous vegetables, such as broccoli and cauliflower, as well as leafy green vegetables and fiber-rich fruits, such as berries, pears and apples.
Some people react badly to the consumption of ultra-processed foods or certain food allergens. So be mindful of your unique reaction to different foods and how your diet affects your skin. It may help to avoid certain foods, such as:
foods containing trans fatty acids
4. Manage stress and get enough sleep
Your adrenal glands release more cortisol when you’re stressed and sleep deprived, which affects the amount of oil your skin produces . Increased sebum production can lead to the development of inflamed cysts under the skin, causing painful and hard-to-treat pimples.
Try natural ways to relieve stress to improve your skin, such as:
spending time in nature
Exercising regularly to improve detoxification and immune function and getting enough sleep Taking enough about seven to nine hours a night for most adults can also help improve your overall health, including balancing hormone levels and decreasing inflammation associated with adult acne.
5. Take a probiotic and other helpful supplements
The supplements below can be helpful in balancing hormones and keeping unhealthy bacteria in check:
1 Probiotics (10 000 international units ( IU) to 50 IU daily, usually two to three capsules twice per day). Taking probiotics can boost internal immunity, while probiotic skin care products provide a protective external shield.
2 Zinc (25-30 milligrams twice a day). Research suggests that people with acne have lower levels of zinc in their blood and skin. Taking zinc by mouth can often help treat and reduce adult acne.
3 Omega-3 fatty acids (1 000 milligrams of fish oil/cod liver oil daily or 3 000 milligrams of oil flax or chia seeds). Omega-3s help reduce inflammation and support hormonal balance. You may also consider taking gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) found in evening primrose and borage oil to support hormonal balance.
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