Do beer and wine affect cholesterol levels?

do-beer-and-wine-affect-cholesterol-levels?

Beer is one of the most consumed alcoholic beverages in Europe. Fortunately, beer itself does not contain natural cholesterol. So there’s something to be happy about, right? Not so fast. To help you take care of your heart, here are tips on managing high blood pressure, cholesterol, nutrition, and more.

How Beer Affects Cholesterol

Most cholesterol is produced by your body, the rest comes from your diet. When your doctor talks about your cholesterol, it really means two types of cholesterol, HDL and LDL, as well as triglycerides, which are a type of fat. When we talk about total cholesterol, it’s a combination of HDL and LDL cholesterol plus triglycerides.

While a cold beer can lift your spirits, beer raises your of triglycerides. Indeed, beer contains carbohydrates and alcohol, two substances that quickly increase triglycerides. And people who are more sensitive to the effects of beer may experience even higher triglyceride levels. Since triglycerides are part of the total cholesterol level, this means that if your triglycerides go up, your total cholesterol goes up too. Ideally, your triglyceride level should be below 150 milligrams per deciliter (mg/ dL).

Beer contains cholesterol-binding sterols

Beer is like “liquid bread” because it usually contains malt from barley, yeast and hops. These substances all contain phytosterols, which are plant compounds that bind to cholesterol and help remove it from the body. Some phytosterols, also known as plant sterols, are added to foods and beverages and marketed as cholesterol-lowering foods. So if beer naturally contains these sterols, can beer lower your cholesterol? Unfortunately, no.

The sterols found in regular beer, sitosterol or ergosterol, are at such low levels that even a full beer contains too little to have an impact on the cholesterol reduction. Some research on mice, however, has suggested that moderate beer consumption can reduce both cholesterol in the liver and cholesterol deposition in the aorta (the largest artery in the body). Researchers in this study noted that some unidentified components of beer may alter how lipoproteins are metabolized and reduce the risk of heart disease. But the nature of these components and their mode of action are not fully understood.

Is wine a better option?

We We’ve all heard that a glass of red wine a day can be good for your health, but research suggests that other forms of alcohol can also be beneficial.

Red wine has been the subject of numerous studies. In moderate amounts, it has been shown to reduce cancer, heart disease, depression, dementia, and type 2 diabetes. Moderate beer consumption has also been shown to reduce the risk of heart disease and strokes.

Although beer contains some antioxidants like red wine, the specific antioxidants found in barley and hops are different from those found in found in wine grapes. It’s not yet known if the antioxidants in beer offer the same benefits as those in red wine, but preliminary research is promising. Overall, however, it’s how often and how much you drink, not what you drink, that really seems to affect your heart.

A large study has shown that men who drank moderately (two glasses a day) had 30 at 29 % less risk of have a heart attack than people who didn’t drink at all. For women, moderate drinking is considered to be one drink a day. And men who drank every day had a lower risk than those who drank only once or twice a week. This includes men who drink wine, spirits and, of course, beer.

Beer and wine always in moderation

Drink beer in moderation can benefit your heart health. But this may not extend to your cholesterol, as drinking beer can raise your triglyceride levels.

Also, it’s important to note that regular consumption of large amounts of alcohol can weaken your heart over time and lead to an inactive lifestyle, obesity and alcoholism. All of these factors can create health issues that would far outweigh any additional benefits. And keep in mind that if you really want to improve your cholesterol levels, exercising regularly and following a diet low in simple sugars and alcohol are proven ways to achieve this.

Sources

Degrace P, et al. (2006). Moderate consumption of beer reduces liver triglycerides and aortic cholesterol deposit in LDLr-/- apoB100/92 mice. DOI: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2006..

Denke MA. (2000). Nutritional and health benefits of beer. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11093684

Miura Y, et al. (2003). Dietary isohumulones, the bitter components of beer, raise plasma HDL-cholesterol levels and reduce liver cholesterol and triacylglycerol contents similar to PPARalpha activations in C57BL/6 mice. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15946420

Muller R, et al. (2012). Does beer contain compounds that might interfere with cholesterol metabolism? DOI:

012.0416/d.022095-0416.2007.tb150.x

Mukamal KJ, et al. (2003). Roles of drinking pattern and type of alcohol consumed in coronary heart disease in men. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa2050

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