Why is a low phosphorus diet helpful in preventing and managing kidney disease? What foods contain phosphorus? Here are some questions to ask yourself when you want to protect your kidneys, not overload them and make the most of their essential role for our health for the longest time.
Phosphorus is a mineral found naturally in many foods but also added to many processed foods. When you eat foods with phosphorus, it is quickly found in the blood. Healthy kidneys remove excess phosphorus from the blood.
But if your kidneys are not working well, you can build up a high level of phosphorus in your blood, putting you at greater risk of disease. heart, bone weakness, joint pain and even death.
How to limit phosphorus intake
Your phosphorus needs depend on your kidney function. If you have early stage kidney disease or are on dialysis, you will need to limit phosphorus intake. Almost all foods contain some phosphorus, so this can be difficult to do.
The best way to limit phosphorus in your diet is to limit the foods that are highest in phosphorus, like:
– Prepared foods,
– Meats processed or frozen with flavor enhancers
– Sodas, flavored waters, bottled teas, energy drinks, beer and wine
What foods are rich and low in phosphorus?
Foods prepared or from fast food, processed meats and cheeses potentially contain large amounts of phosphorus.
The list below gives examples of foods with a high content of phosphorus that you can replace with foods that are lower in phosphorus. Although a food or drink may be low in phosphorus, you should still watch portion sizes and limit the number of servings you eat or drink each day.
- Foods with higher phosphorus
- Fast food, prepared foods
- Processed cheese
- Ice cream or frozen yogurt
- Breads, cookies, muffins, pancakes or waffles
- Processed meats, such as bacon, bolognese, chicken nuggets, ham and hot dogs,
- Chocolate or caramel, including chocolate drinks and chocolate bars
- Foods low in phosphorus
- Homemade meals or snacks made with fresh ingredients
- Unfortified almond or rice milk
- A small amount of Brie
- Low fat cheese
- Sorbet, sorbet o u frozen fruit
- Lean beef, eggs, lamb, seafood or other fish (without “phosphorus” in the ingredients if prepared )
- Natural water, fresh coffee or brewed tea (from tea bags)
- Check food labels carefully
Manufacturers may add phosphorus during food processing for thicken, improve taste, prevent discoloration or preserve them. Check food labels to see if any ingredients contain “phos” in the ingredient list.
Here are some examples of phosphorus food additives:
- Calcium phosphate
- Disodium phosphate
- Phosphoric acid
- Monopotassium phosphate
- Pyrophosphate sodium acid
- Sodium tripolyphosphate
Prepared or fast food foods, processed meats and cheeses potentially contain large amounts of phosphorus.
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