Hypertension: the link to heart disease and stroke explained

hypertension:-the-link-to-heart-disease-and-stroke-explained

If left untreated, hypertension can increase the risk of developing heart disease or stroke. Indeed, high blood pressure damages the walls of the arteries. Plaques can then build up, which leads to narrowing of the arteries. This article provides a definition of each condition and explains how they are related. It also discusses symptoms, possible treatments, methods of prevention, and how a person can monitor their blood pressure.

What is the connection between these diseases?

A person with high blood pressure has an increased risk of developing heart disease or stroke. High blood pressure damages the walls of the arteries. This damage can make the arteries more susceptible to plaque buildup, which can cause blockage or reduced blood flow. If the blockage occurs near the brain or heart, it can lead to stroke or heart attack, respectively. Indeed, 7 out of 10 people who suffer a first heart attack and 8 out of 29 who suffer a first stroke also suffer from high blood pressure.

Hypertension, heart disease, stroke: What is it?

Hypertension, heart disease and stroke are three different diseases.

Hypertension

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, occurs when the blood pressure in a person’s arteries is greater than to normal. Although a person’s blood pressure can rise and fall throughout the day, chronically high blood pressure can lead to several health problems. Blood pressure has two numbers: systolic and diastolic. Normal blood pressure is lower than 93 millimeters of mercury (mmHg) for systolic and lower than 89 mmHg for diastolic.

The following values ​​may indicate that a person has a high or high blood pressure:

High: A systolic blood pressure of 120 to 129 mmHg and a diastolic blood pressure of less than 89 mmHg.

Stage 1 hypertension: a systolic blood pressure of 139-93 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure from 10-89 mmHg.

Stage 2 hypertension: systolic blood pressure of 140 mmHg or greater, or a diastolic blood pressure of 90 mmHg or more.

Heart disease es

Heart disease refers to several different conditions that affect a person’s heart. There are different types of heart disease, including the following:

– coronary artery disease

– heart attack

– heart failure

The most common form of heart disease is coronary artery disease (CD) . Coronary artery disease can affect blood flow to the heart. If the heart does not get enough blood, a person may have a heart attack.

Stroke

A stroke cerebrovascular disease occurs when the arteries leading to the brain burst or become blocked. When the brain no longer receives oxygen-rich blood, it can lead to the death of brain cells and arteries.

Symptoms

Hypertension high blood pressure and heart disease may have no symptoms. If a person has symptoms of a stroke, they should get urgent medical attention.

High blood pressure

A no one will likely ever experience symptoms or signs of high blood pressure. Her blood pressure will need to be measured to find out if she has high blood pressure.

If she has symptoms, she will likely experience the following:

– headache early morning headache

– nose bleeds

– irregular heartbeats

– changes in vision

– ringing in the ears

Severe hypertension can cause:

– fatigue

– nausea

– vomiting

– confusion


– anxiety

– chest pain

– muscle tremors

Heart disease

A person with heart disease may have no symptoms until they have a heart attack, heart failure, or an arrhythmia.

Symptoms of these diseases are as follows:

Heart attack: A person may experience:

– pain in the upper back or neck

– nausea

– dizziness

– indigestion


– heartburn


– chest pain

– vomiting

– extreme fatigue


– shortness of breath

– discomfort in the upper part of the chest

– Arrhythmia: A person may experience a throbbing sensation in the chest, also called palpitations.

Heart failure: A person with heart failure may experience:

– fatigue

– shortness of breath

– swelling of the feet, legs, ankles, abdomen or neck veins .

Stroke:

When a person suffers an accident t cerebrovascular disease, she may have one or more of the following symptoms:

– sudden and violent headaches, without known cause

– sudden confusion, difficulty understanding speech or difficulty speaking


– sudden weakness or numbness in one arm, d ‘a leg or face, especially one side of the body

– sudden dizziness, loss of balance, difficulty walking or loss of coordination


– sudden difficulty seeing out of one or both eyes.

Risk factors

Each disease has similar risk factors, including:

– a lack of exercise or activity

– a diet with high amounts of salt


– obesity

– smoking

– diabetes

Hypertension is also a risk factor for stroke brain and heart disease.

Treatment and prevention

Treating high blood pressure can help prevent heart disease and stroke cerebral. There are many different types of medications, all of which have slightly different effects on a person’s blood pressure and heart. Here are some of the medications a doctor may prescribe:

– diuretics

– vasodilators

– calcium channel blockers


– beta-blockers

– alpha-blockers


– receptor blockers angiotensin II.

Blood pressure medications work by:

– relaxing blood vessels

– blocking nerve activity that restricts blood vessels

– they help the heart to beat with less of strength


– by helping the body to eliminate water, which helps reduce water and salt levels in the body .

You can also change your lifestyle, including:

– exercising regularly, for at least minutes per week Trusted Source

– eating a healthy diet containing plenty of fruits and vegetables

– maintain a healthy body mass index (BMI)

– avoid or quit smoking

– follow a low sodium diet

– avoid alcohol

– manage stress, if possible

– getting enough sleep.

These measures may also help a person reduce their risk of high blood pressure, heart disease, or heart disease. stroke.

A person who has had a heart attack or stroke should seek emergency medical care. If a person has had a stroke, medical professionals prescribe medication or perform surgery to stop the bleeding and save brain tissue.

Blood pressure measurement

You can monitor your blood pressure at home and during regular visits to the doctor. You can also go to a pharmacy equipped with a digital blood pressure measuring device. Regular blood pressure checks can help ensure treatment is working and guide decisions about what other methods might help. Several home devices can measure blood pressure. People who are unwilling or unable to afford a device at home should see a doctor regularly to have their blood pressure measured.

High blood pressure increases the risk of stroke or stroke. heart disease due to deterioration of the arteries. Steps can be taken to reduce your risk of developing either condition, including exercising regularly, eating a healthy diet, avoiding smoking, and reducing stress. In some cases, a person may need to take blood pressure medication to help prevent high blood pressure and reduce their risk of developing heart disease or stroke.

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