Prevention begins during pregnancy
The prevention of dental caries begins from the second month of intrauterine life! This is when the mouth, gums and teeth of the fetus develop. The mother’s diet must then provide the fetus with all the nutrients it needs to develop healthy teeth: proteins, calcium, vitamin C and vitamin D. Teeth that are poorly calcified at the time of their appearance are particularly vulnerable to cavities. From birth until around 6 months, breast milk provides babies with all the nutrients needed to form beautiful teeth, with the exception of vitamin D, which is usually given in the form of drops. The sucking movements required to extract milk from the breast also allow the jaws to develop optimally and thus ensure sufficient space for each tooth, which prevents crowding. Bottle-feeding does not offer these advantages.
Balanced and diversified nutrition in adolescence
Teeth are particularly vulnerable to decay during the first two to three years after their appearance. It is therefore important to properly prepare children’s teeth to face this situation by providing toddlers with a diet low in sugars and modified starch, and rich in calcium, protein, vitamin D and vitamin C (fruits ), and this, from birth! During childhood and adolescence, a balanced and diversified diet plays a decisive role in the formation of permanent teeth, until the appearance of the last molar, i.e. around the age of 17 years.
Some lifelong measures against cavities
While a healthy diet can contribute to giving the teeth a certain resistance, the direct contact, with the teeth, of foods rich in sugars and modified starch remains a threat throughout life. Sugar exists in two forms: that which is added to foods, such as white sugar, brown sugar, honey, and that which is found naturally in fruits and certain cereals.
On food labels, sugar is often referred to by most words ending in ose: lactose, maltose, fructose, dextrose, glucose, sucrose, etc. Only sucralose is an exception to the rule: it is in fact a synthetic sweetener.
The starch used in industrial products is very often reduced to a very fine grind and also very often subjected to cooking processes at very high temperatures. Both of these processes have bad effects on teeth:
– Grinding starch into a fine grind makes it more likely to be broken down into sugar in the mouth (by amylase saliva)
– High temperature cooking causes a change in the texture of the starch which, in contact with saliva, produces a mixture that tends to adhere to the teeth.
Note that products rich in starch are also very often added with sugar, which promotes a caramelization reaction during cooking. This caramelization adds to the sticky texture of the food and to the fact that food residues will remain longer available to bacteria present in the mouth. To this end, several studies have shown that the addition of sugar to starch makes the mixture more cariogenic than sucrose alone.
Sip, the worst of habits
The longer the period of contact of sugar with the teeth (sticky or sipped foods), the higher the risk. Non-acidic, your saliva usually manages to neutralize the acidity of the mouth following the ingestion of a sugary food. But if you sip a juice or take a sugary food several times during the day, then the bacteria multiply and produce more and more acid, so that at some point the saliva does not arrive longer to contain acidity and cavities set in.
Nuts and seeds are foods that do not benefit cavities
Due to their protein and fat content, nuts and seeds are not cariogenic, although they tend to get stuck between the teeth. In addition, their richness in dietary fiber stimulates the production of saliva, which is another protective element for the enamel. They also contain varying amounts of calcium and phosphorus, minerals essential for healthy teeth. Consumed alone or with fresh fruit, they are excellent snacks. Also, eaten after a sweet food, they can neutralize the acid produced.
However, if they are covered in sugars and are in sticky primes, they turn into food more or less cariogenic. Made in this way, they contain the ideal fuel for bacteria in dental plaque. To make the most of their protective effect, it is therefore recommended to opt for the natural versions. Dried fruits and fruit pastes are very concentrated in sugar (60 to 70 % of sugar) and stick to the teeth: this is the food of choice for the bacteria naturally present in the mouth and responsible for dental caries.
While hiking or biking, prefer fruit mixtures nuts and nuts, taking care to finish with the nuts. Your teeth will thank you for it…
Fruits and vegetables that fight cavities
Although not very high, the sugar concentration of fresh fruits varying from 8 to 12% approximately is sufficient for the bacteria to produce acid. In addition, since fruits are naturally acidic, they could, if consumed in large quantities (more than per day), lead to erosion and decay. However, the chewing they require stimulates salivation and neutralizes the acidity present. Consumed in normal quantities, fruits thus represent excellent snacks which should not be deprived, which are much less harmful to the teeth than their juices or very lemony waters. In addition, to limit your consumption of cariogenic sugary foods, opt for canned fruits in their own juice fruit compotes made from 100% fruit without added sugar.
Some recommendations with fruits and vegetables
For Take advantage of the many health benefits associated with dietary fiber, preserve the skins of fruits and vegetables. As a bonus, the presence of fiber promotes vigorous chewing and therefore an increase in salivary flow.
Prefer fruits to fruit juices, and water or milk to other drinks.
Consume these drinks in moderation and with meals to reduce their cariogenic potential. A maximum consumption of 125 ml (1/2 cup) per day is recommended.
Drink them with a straw, this will avoid the direct contact of the juice with the teeth.
After consuming such acidic or sugary drinks, rinse your mouth with water or chew sugar-free gum to stimulate saliva production and thereby reduce acidity in the mouth.
Avoid brushing your teeth immediately before drinking such beverages to allow the saliva to act, which protects your teeth.
Avoid brushing your teeth immediately after drinking such drinks in order to prevent the wear of your enamel by brushing, which has been softened by these drinks.
The important points to favor a good protective diet for the teeth
Here are some questions to ask yourself in order to easily identify the foods and beverages that promote tooth decay:
Food does it contain carbohydrates?
If the food contains mainly lipids and proteins, it is not cariogenic because the bacteria do not feed on it . This is why meat, poultry, fish, eggs, nuts and seeds are not cariogenic, as are fats (oil, butter, margarine).
If, however, the food contains fermentable carbohydrates, which are carbohydrates made up of short chains of sugar molecules (such as fructose or table sugar), which makes them easy to break down by bacteria in dental plaque, your investigation must go further.
Knowing better the causes of cavities, you now know that the more sugar abounds in the environment of bacteria, the more they produce acid which can destroy the enamel teeth and form cavities.
Do you like our content?
Receive our latest publications every day for free and directly in your mailbox