What are the warning signs of type 2 diabetes?

what-are-the-warning-signs-of-type-2-diabetes?

People with prediabetes have higher than normal blood sugar levels, but doctors do not yet consider them diabetic. People with prediabetes often develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years if left untreated.

The onset of type 2 diabetes can be gradual, and symptoms can be mild in the early stages. As a result, many people may not realize they have this disease.

Here are the early signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes and the importance of early diagnosis . We also discuss the risk factors for developing this disease.

Early signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes

Early signs and symptoms of diabetes type 2 may include

1. Frequent urination

When blood sugar levels are high, the kidneys try to remove the excess sugar by filtering it out of the blood. This can lead to having to urinate more frequently, especially at night.

2. Increased thirst

Frequent urination needed to remove excess sugar from the blood can cause the body to lose additional water. Over time, this can cause dehydration and lead to feeling more thirsty than usual.

3. Being always hungry

People with diabetes often do not get enough energy from the food they eat.

The digestive system breaks down food into a simple sugar called glucose, which the body uses as fuel. In people with diabetes, not enough of this glucose passes from the blood to the cells of the body.

As a result, people with type 2 diabetes often experience constant hunger, even if they have eaten recently.

4. Feeling very tired

Type 2 diabetes can affect energy levels and make you feel very tired. This fatigue is due to a lack of sugar in the blood and in the cells.

5. Blurred vision

Excess blood sugar can damage the tiny blood vessels in the eyes, which can cause blurred vision. This blurred vision can occur in one or both eyes and can come and go.

If a person with diabetes does not receive treatment, damage to these blood vessels can occur. worsen and eventually permanent vision loss may occur.

6. Slow healing of cuts and wounds

High blood sugar can damage the nerves and blood vessels in the body, which can affect blood circulation. Therefore, even small cuts and wounds can take weeks or months to heal. Slow wound healing also increases the risk of infection.

7. Tingling, numbness or pain in the hands or feet

High blood sugar can affect blood circulation and damage nerves in the body. In people with type 2 diabetes, this can lead to pain or a tingling sensation or numbness in the hands and feet.

This condition is known as neuropathy and can get worse over time and lead to more serious complications if a person does not receive treatment for their diabetes.

8. Patches of dark skin

Patches of dark skin that form on the folds of the neck, armpits or groin can also indicate a higher risk of diabetes. These spots can be very soft and velvety to the touch.

9. Itching and Yeast Infections

Excess sugar in the blood and urine provides food for yeast, which can lead to infection. Yeast infections tend to occur on warm, moist areas of the skin, such as the mouth, genital areas, and armpits.

Affected areas are usually itchy, but a person may also experience burning, redness and pain.

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes

Anyone can develop diabetes type 2, but certain factors can increase a person’s risk. These risk factors include the following

-being 29 years of age or older

-live a sedentary life

-be in overweight or obese

-eating an unhealthy diet

-have a family history of diabetes
-have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
-have a medical history of gestational diabetes, heart disease or stroke

-have prediabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a common condition that causes high blood sugar. Early signs and symptoms may include frequent urination, increased thirst, feeling tired and hungry, vision problems, slow healing of wounds and yeast infections.

Sources:

Diabetes symptoms. (2018, August 21)
Diagnosing diabetes and learning about prediabetes. (2016, November 29)
Early symptoms of diabetes. (nd)
Facts about diabetic eye disease. (2015, September)
Risk factors for type 2 diabetes. (2016, November)

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