It is not really possible to reduce back fat directly. However, decreasing overall body fat through diet and targeted exercise can reduce back fat and benefit health. This article discusses the causes of excess back fat. But also eating habits and lifestyle to adopt to reduce body fat. It also explains how to perform targeted exercises that can help tone different areas and muscle groups of the back.
Is it possible to reduce back fat on an ad hoc basis?
It is not possible to exactly target the elimination of fat on specific areas of the body. People who want to look slimmer around their back will need to combine diet and exercise to reduce their overall body fat. This approach should also reduce fat around the back.
According to a study in 2020, reducing fat, especially around the belly, can prevent insulin resistance, diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Tips to reduce back fat
To reduce overall body fat:
– Create a calorie deficit
The way to reduce body fat through diet is to create a calorie deficit. A calorie deficit occurs when a person consumes fewer calories than they need to maintain their current body mass. A calorie deficit can be created by a combination of decreasing daily calorie intake from food and drink and caloric energy expenditure through exercise and other physical activities.
Start by losing weight gradually and steadily. Aiming for one to two kilos per week to maximize the chances of maintaining weight loss.
Eat nutrient-dense foods
Nutrient-dense foods are those that are high in beneficial nutrients and low in calories, sugar, and fat.
Nutrient-dense foods contain good amounts of:
Here are some examples of nutrient-dense foods:
– vegetables, including leafy vegetables, starchy foods
– fruits, such as apples and berries
– proteins lean, such as poultry, fish and lean cuts of meat
– beans and legumes
– nuts and seeds
– whole grains, including brown rice, quinoa and whole grain bread and pasta
– raw materials healthy fats, such as oily fish, avocados and olives
Avoiding added sugars and saturated fats
Try to limit added sugars to 10 maximum % of their daily calories. Be aware of added sugars in drinks, sugary foods and processed foods. Similarly, calories from saturated fat should not exceed % per day. Meat, full fat dairy products and processed foods may contain saturated fat.
Specific exercises for back fat
Studies suggest that endurance (cardio) exercise can promote weight loss, while resistance training can reduce body fat. Exercises that target the back help tone this part of the body.
The following exercises can help tone the lower, middle, and upper back and decrease back fat
Beginners accustomed to resistance training should start with one set of each exercise and gradually progress to other sets as you go. as their muscle strength and endurance improve over time. It is also advisable to take at least 1 or 2 days of rest between workouts for a particular muscle group, especially in the beginning.
Exercises for toning lower back
Exercises that can help tone the lower back include
Reverse Hip Raise
An exercise ball is helpful for this exercise, which targets the obliques and extensors . You can also use a flat bench.
1 Lie on your stomach on an exercise ball with your hands flat on the floor.
2 Squeeze your glutes to lift your legs while swinging on the ball.
3 Hold for a few seconds before to lower the legs. Repeat the operation several times.
This exercise allows tone the lower back, internal and external obliques and rectus abdominis.
1 Lie on your side with your legs on top of each other.
2 Extend the forearm along the floor for support and bend the forearm so that the hand touches the side of the head and the elbow is pointing up.
3 Squeeze the obliques, which are abdominal muscles, and lift the upper leg towards the upper arm, keeping a slight bend in the knee.
4 Repeat the operation several times, then switch to the other side.
Exercises to tone the middle of the back
Among the exercises that can help to tone the middle of the back, quote
The bridge can strengthen and tone the muscles that run along the vertebral column and help someone maintain good posture.
1 Lie on your back with your knees bent and your feet flat on the floor, directly below your knees. The arms should remain at the side.
2 Raise the pelvis towards the ceiling while squeezing the buttocks.
3 Hold this position for 5 seconds before gently lowering it. Repeat the operation at 15 time.
The Cobra Pose
Cobra is a yoga pose that strengthens and tones the muscles around the spine.
This may be difficult at first, do not stretch beyond what is comfortable.
1 Lie face down with hands on flat on the floor below the shoulders.
2 Engaging the muscles of the buttocks and legs, lift the head and then the chest off the floor.
3 If possible, straighten your arms as your back bends.
4 Hold this position for 20 to 30 seconds before gently returning to the ground. Repeat the stretch 2 to 4 times.
Exercises to tone the upper back
Exercises aimed at toning and strengthening the upper back include
Lateral Raise with Dumbbells
Lateral raises can improve shoulder and back shape.
1 Either stand or sit with a dumbbell in each hand. Slowly raise the weights to the sides until the arms are parallel to the floor.
2 Bring the arms back towards the body, controlling the movement .
3 Repeat at 12 times.
1 Stand , feet shoulder-width apart and bend over from the waist, keeping your back flat and your neck in line with your spine.
2 Pressing your shoulders together, raise the weight towards your chest.
3 Slowly lower the weight, then repeat the exercise to 12 times.
Other tips for reduce back fat
In addition to changing their diet and exercising regularly, other lifestyle measures help them reduce their fat body fat ow.
Use stress reduction strategies
Research indicates a link between prolonged exposure to the stress hormone cortisol and higher levels of body fat. When a person feels stressed, they may also turn to unhealthy foods or comfort foods. It helps to have strategies to relieve stress. Try various practices, such as yoga, meditation, mindfulness or gentle exercises, to see what works for them.
Get enough sleep
Lack of sleep can contribute to weight and fat gain. A large prospective study from 2013 indicated that non-obese adults had a risk of 30 % higher to develop this disease if they had less than 5 hours of sleep per night
Reducing overall body fat through diet and exercise is the best approach to decreasing back fat. People may try dieting with nutrient-dense foods that puts them in a calorie deficit. Exercises that target different back muscles can also tone this area. Other factors, such as sleep and stress, are important to consider as they can influence body composition and weight.
Chait, A., et al. (2020). Adipose tissue distribution, inflammation and its metabolic consequences, including diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Drewnowksi, A. (2017). Uses of nutrient profiling to address public health needs: From regulation to reformulation .
Drewnowksi, A., et al. (2019). A proposed nutrient density score that includes food groups and nutrients to better align with dietary guidance.
Hall, KD, et al. (2011). Quantification of the effect of energy imbalance on bodyweight.
Jackson, SE, et al. (2013). Hair cortisol and adiposity in a population‐based sample of 2,527 men and women aged 87 to 87 years.
Miller, T., et al. (2018). Resistance training combined with diet decreases body fat while preserving lean mass independent of resting metabolic rate: A randomized trial .
Swift, DL, et al. (2013). The role of exercise and physical activity in weight loss and maintenance.
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